Latest Business News
The U.S. Federal Reserve Survey Shows Tightening Lending Conditions in Banks
Banks Expecting Further Tightening and Declining Demand
According to a survey released by the U.S. Federal Reserve, lending conditions at American banks are tight and expected to become even tighter. The survey, known as the Senior Loan Officer Opinion Survey, revealed that credit conditions have become more stringent, while demand for loans has declined. This information is significant because economists predicting a recession believe that the banking system is the most likely source of such an economic downturn. Banks have had to respond to eleven interest rate hikes and faced a momentary crisis in March when three midsize institutions failed. The Federal Reserve stated that for the second half of 2023, banks anticipate further tightening of standards on all loan categories. The reasons cited by banks for their expectations include a less favorable economic outlook, uncertainty, and anticipated deterioration in collateral values and loan credit quality.
Tightening Standards on Consumer Lending
The survey also highlighted changes in consumer lending practices. Banks reported that they have tightened credit standards for credit card loans and other types of consumer loans. Additionally, a moderate net share of banks revealed that they have raised the bar for credit scores when giving out personal loans. They have also reduced credit limits in the consumer loan market, which amounts to $1.9 trillion.
Tightening Standards and Declining Demand in the Commercial and Industrial Lending Sector
In the crucial commercial and industrial lending segment worth $2.76 trillion, banks have observed lower demand for loans along with tightening lending standards across businesses of all sizes. The survey found that a significant share of banks reported weaker demand and stricter standards in commercial real estate lending as well.
Awareness of Conditions in the Banking Sector
Federal Reserve officials are cognizant of the conditions prevailing in the banking sector. Despite this, they continue to raise interest rates in an attempt to curb inflation. Fed Chair Jerome Powell stated during a post-meeting news conference that the loan survey results were consistent with expectations. He mentioned that lending conditions are tight and becoming even tighter, with weak demand. Powell characterized this as indicative of tight credit conditions in the economy.
Interest Rate Hike and Future Outlook
The Federal Reserve recently raised its key interest rate by another quarter percentage point, bringing it to a target range of 5.25%-5.5%, the highest it has been in over 22 years. This rate hike is part of the Fed's efforts to address inflation concerns. While the future outlook for lending conditions remains uncertain, the survey findings suggest that banks anticipate further tightening of standards, posing potential challenges for borrowers.
Conclusion: Implications for New Businesses
The tightening lending conditions revealed in the U.S. Federal Reserve survey have important implications for new businesses. As banks anticipate further tightening and declining demand for loans, entrepreneurs seeking financial support may face challenges in securing the necessary funding to start or expand their ventures.
Increased Difficulty in Obtaining Consumer Loans
The survey highlights that credit standards for consumer loans, including credit card loans and personal loans, have been tightened by banks. This means that individuals looking to launch consumer-focused businesses may find it increasingly difficult to access the necessary funds to support their operations. Banks raising the bar for credit scores and reducing credit limits in the consumer loan market can further constrain access to capital.
Limited availability of Commercial and Industrial Loans
The commercial and industrial lending sector is experiencing lower demand for loans, combined with tightening lending standards across businesses of all sizes. This poses a challenge for new businesses in need of funding for their operational and growth activities. With stricter standards and reduced demand, entrepreneurs may face higher barriers in securing loans for their business projects.
Uncertain Future Outlook
The Federal Reserve's decision to raise interest rates indicates their commitment to addressing inflation concerns. However, the survey suggests that banks anticipate further tightening of lending standards, which may pose potential challenges for borrowers, including new businesses. The uncertain future outlook for lending conditions adds another layer of complexity for entrepreneurs seeking financial support.
In light of these tightening lending conditions, new businesses need to explore alternative funding sources and consider creative financing options. This may involve seeking support from angel investors, venture capitalists, or crowdfunding platforms. Moreover, entrepreneurs should focus on building strong business plans, demonstrating solid financial projections, and approaching lenders with a well-prepared loan application to increase their chances of obtaining financing in a challenging lending environment.
Article First Published at: https://www.cnbc.com/2023/07/31/banks-say-conditions-for-loans-to-businesses-and-consumers-will-keep-getting-tougher.html